その他の研究業績等に関する事項

基本情報

氏名 杉村 使乃
氏名(カナ) スギムラ シノ
氏名(英語) Sugimura Shino
所属 大学 文芸
職名 教授
researchmap研究者コード
researchmap機関

翻訳書、学会発表、講演、作品等の名称

Girls Growing Up and Girl Guide/Scout Movement: A Comparative Study of Girl Guide/ Scout Movement in Britain and Japan during World War I and II

単・共の別

その他(発表学会等)

発行又は発表の年月

201906

その他の分類

学会発表

発行所、発行雑誌等又は発表学会等の名称

Society for the History of Children and Youth Conference 2019
(26-28 June 2019.  Australian Catholic University, North Sidney, Sidney, Australia)

概要

From the late 19thcentury to the early 20thcentury, there were some movements focused on developing girls’ competency in the society. Among them, Girl Guide/ Scout movement is one of the unique movements in the history of children and youth; It was inspired by Boy Scout movement (1908-) established by Robert Baden-Powell (1857-1941). So the early girl scouts, though they were made to call themselves girl guides later, were considered as tomboys who were pursuing something improper for their gender at that time. On the other hand, it was the age when more and more young people were expected to contribute to their nation as citizens. In this paper, a historical comparison of Girl Guide/ Scout movement in Britain and Japan was attempted. Girl Guide movement was introduced to Japan by the missionary of the Church of England in 1920. It was shown how the movement in Japan was developed in the era between two world wars, suspended during the World War II, and restarted after the war. The changing idea of femininity  and the influence of the warfare on youth associations was also considered.